How to Get Day of Week in Bash (With Examples)


You can use the following methods to get the current day of the week in Bash:

Method 1: Get Day of Week as Number (e.g. 1=Monday, 7 = Sunday)

date +%u

Method 2: Get Day of Week as Full Name (e.g. “Sunday”)

date +%A

Method 3: Get Day of Week as Abbreviated Name (e.g. “Sun”)

date +%a

The following examples show how to use each method in practice.

Example 1: Get Day of Week as Number in Bash

This article is currently being written on a Sunday.

We can use the following syntax to get the current day of the week as a number between 1 and 7 in Bash:

date +%u

The following screenshot shows how to use this syntax in practice:

Bash get day of week as number

This returns 7, which is the number that corresponds to Sunday as the day of the week.

If you want to extract the day of the week as a number for a specific date, you can use the following syntax instead:

date -d 2024-10-15 '+%u'

The following screenshot shows how to use this syntax in practice:

This returns 2, which represents the day of the week (Tuesday) for the date 2024-10-15 that we specified.

Example 2: Get Day of Week as Full Name in Bash

We can use the following syntax to get the day of the week as a full name in Bash:

date +%A

The following screenshot shows how to use this syntax in practice:

Bash get day of week as full name

This returns Sunday, which is the day of the week represented as the full name.

Example 3: Get Day of Week as Abbreviated Name in Bash

We can use the following syntax to get the day of the week as an abbreviated name in Bash:

date +%a

The following screenshot shows how to use this syntax in practice:

Bash get day of week as abbreviated name

This returns Sun, which is the day of the week represented as the abbreviated name.

Related Tutorials

The following tutorials explain how to perform other common tasks in Bash:

Bash: How to Get Month Name
Bash: How to Compare Dates
Bash: How to Extract Date from String

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